Amnesty pin discrimination in France

A Roma camp in Aubervilliers Seine-Saint-Denis, on 27 July 2010.

Amnesty International still pinned on France's policy towards migrants, asylum seekers and Roma, on the occasion of the publication Thursday of its 2012 annual report. "Today we expect Hollande meets its commitments," said the president of Amnesty International France, Genevieve Garrigos, during a press conference. "We are optimistic but if the blockage continues, we will be there to speak."

The advocacy organization Human Rights, headquartered in London, sent to candidates in the French presidential election ten recommendations, including an end to forced evictions of Roma settlements, the possibility of a suspensive appeal to National Court of Asylum for asylum seekers or more transparency on the control of arms exports. Before being elected, Mr. Holland responded by mail and argued its position on these proposals.

DISCRIMINATION AGAINST ROMA, MIGRANTS AND ASYLUM SEEKERS

The NGO believes that "Roma are still subject to discrimination" in France, noting that "the camps and makeshift shelters inhabited by Roma were dismantled this year in operations that seemed forced evictions" . Amnesty also points out that "in June, the European Committee of Social Rights has considered that forced Roma in mid-2010 evacuation camps were 'produced in a climate of ethnic discrimination and coercion', and expulsions Roma to Romania and Bulgaria in 2010 were discriminatory. "

Moreover, "new legislation have further restricted the rights of asylum seekers and migrants," the report said, citing the "law that brought 32 to 45 days the maximum period of detention of migrants in irregular pending deportation. " Among other findings, Amnesty noted that "the allegations of ill-treatment by law enforcement officers did not always be effective, independent and impartial investigations, carried out as soon as possible."

IMPUNITY OF THE BUSH ADMINISTRATION

On 17 September 2001, U.S. President George W. Bush calls "dead or alive" bin Laden settled in Afghanistan since 1996.

The international organization has also alarmed "impunity" enjoyed by her former officials of the Bush administration's violations of human rights and regretted "the lack of clarification" of the United States on the death of bin Laden. In its 2012 annual report, the organization criticizes the Canadian government for its "failure to arrest former U.S. President George W. Bush when he was visiting British Columbia, despite evidence of its liability for infringements internationally as torture. "

"Nobody has been held accountable for violations of human rights committed by the Bush administration" in the CIA program of secret detention, Amnesty says, regretting "impunity" enjoyed by leaders the former Republican administration. In June, the U.S. Justice Minister announced two exceptions, stop investigations in this area even though torture was part of the CIA program for inmates who now risk the death penalty in "unfair trial," said Amnesty.

AN EXPLANATION FOR THE DEATH OF BIN LADEN

Screenshot of Al Jazeera showing Osama bin Laden in an interview, June 10, 1999 capture.

The organization also condemned "the excessive use of force" in the territory of the United States, but also in Yemen or Pakistan in the U.S. fight against terrorism. She asked that the U.S. authorities explain the death of Osama bin Laden on May 1, 2011 Abbottabab Pakistan. "The U.S. administration has made it clear that the operation was conducted according to the American theory of a global armed conflict between the United States and Al Qaeda in which Washington does not recognize international law on human rights "Amnesty wrote.

"In the absence of further clarification from the U.S. authorities, the death of Osama bin Laden appear illegal," says the organization, which says it has not received either the response from Washington in late 2011 to its requests explanation of the death of US-Yemeni cleric Anwar Al-Awlaki and the American Samir Khan in Yemen in September. Amnesty fears that these deaths are similar to "extrajudicial executions".

CRUEL CONDITIONS IN AMERICAN PRISONS

View of the U.S. detention center at Guantanamo Bay on the island of Cuba.

The organization of human rights is also concerned with the judicial process of detainees at Guantanamo Bay, saying that one of these men, the Tanzanian Ahmed Ghailani, was brought before a court of law, the end of 2011 . The report laments that the five accused of the attacks of September 11, after nine years in prison, four secret, are finally brought to a controversial military justice, and the Saudi Arabian Abdul-Rahim Nashiri could be "held in indefinite detention even if he is acquitted. " He emphasized that 171 men remain detained at Guantanamo in late 2011 (169 today) despite promises by President Barack Obama to close the prison. Canadian Omar Khadr, who was to be transferred in October in Canada under an agreement between Washington and Ottawa, Guantanamo is still to this day. "The Canadian government had not implemented its decision to transfer at the end of 2011," the report acknowledges.

Amnesty "about the conditions of detention cruel" persistent in American prisons and noted that 43 men were executed by lethal injection in 2011, bringing to 1,277 the number of executions since the reinstatement of the death penalty in the United States in 1976. It welcomes, however, that Illinois has abolished the death penalty and the Governor of Oregon has imposed a moratorium. Since then, Connecticut became the 17th U.S. state to abolish the death penalty. But Troy Davis was executed in Georgia in September, "despite serious doubts about the reliability of his conviction," Amnesty added.

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